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Infinitive

Complementary infinitive. There is an enormous range of verbs that take a complementary infinitive, and in many instances there is a parallel construction in English ("want to...", "is said to...", etc.). As a result, you can often rely on an infinitive in your English rendering of the construction, but sometimes you will need to use a gerund or other English construction to express the Latin infinitive (omittit ipsum persequi, "she stops chasing him").

Infinitive in indirect statement. One of the most common constructions in Latin is the infinitive used in indirect statement, with the subject of the infinitive in the accusative case.

Infinitive as noun. The Latin infinitive can be used as a noun, serving as the subject of a sentence, or the predicate - or even in a prepositional phrase (pro posse meo, "according ot my ability"). When an infinitive is regarded as a noun, it is neuter singular.

Infinitive of purpose. Especially in later Latin, the infinitive can be used to express purpose generally.


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